Irma’s destructive path: ‘When you look at the carnage, you ask how anybody at all survived’
By Anthony Faiola, Lindsey Bever, Andrew deGrandpre and Matea Gold September 8 at 3:40 PM
Damage in Orient Bay on the island of St. Martin after the passage of Hurricane Irma.
PORT-AU-PRINCE, Haiti — Apocalyptic scenes of flattened buildings and ruined airports emerged from once-lush Caribbean islands devastated by historic Hurricane Irma as the deadly storm lashed vulnerable Haiti, where one government official called it a “nuclear hurricane” — even as another potent storm, Hurricane Jose, followed fast in Irma’s wake.
About 95 percent of the islands of Barbuda and St. Martin sustained some damage or were outright destroyed, officials and local residents said. Ghastly photos and videos from St. Martin and St. Barthelemy, also known as St. Barts, showed buildings in ruin and cars and trucks almost submerged in the storm surge.
“Everything is a disaster, total devastation,” Dieter Schaede said by telephone from St. Martin, where he lives. “Roofs down, houses totally flown away, wiped out.”
Irma’s death toll has reached at least 16, a figure expected to rise as its punishing winds move closer to a potentially disastrous assault on Cuba, the Bahamas and Florida.
For those on the islands already ripped apart by Irma’s ferocious winds, there is little time to regroup: The National Hurricane Center said Friday that Jose is strengthening as it churns toward the Leeward Islands.
In an urgent midday bulletin, officials sounded the alarm — yet again — announcing: “JOSE NOW AN EXTREMELY DANGEROUS CATEGORY 4 HURRICANE.”
Hurricane watches and tropical storm warnings were in effect for Antigua and Barbuda, Anguilla, St. Barts and St. Martin as the National Hurricane Center noted that Jose’s sustained winds have been measured at up to 150 mph, with even stronger gusts.
I’m going to urge the residents, those who are defiant, to evacuate the island,” Gaston Browne, prime minister of Antigua and Barbuda, told the BBC. “We cannot afford a situation in which Barbuda is hit by yet another hurricane, Hurricane Jose.”
Browne said Irma had left the majority of Barbuda’s nearly 2,000 residents homeless.
“The entire country is decimated; it’s uninhabitable,” Michael Joseph, president of the Red Cross in Antigua and Barbuda, told The Washington Post on Friday. “I would literally say that 100 percent of the infrastructure is gone. Light, water, communication — it’s a total blackout.
“Imagine a deserted island in the middle of nowhere. Like that. No buildings, all the roofs gone, concrete ripped in half. Most animals died; I saw many dead animals,” he added.
Surprisingly, Joseph said, there was only one fatality on the island — a 2-year-old boy.
“It was a miracle that there was only one death. When you look at the carnage, you ask how anybody at all survived,” he said.
When Craig Ryan, a 29-year-old tourism entrepreneur who lives in Antigua, reached Barbuda by boat, residents lined the beach waiting for rescue. “It’s such a level of devastation,” he told The Post, “that you can’t even see structures standing.”
Ryan’s family business, Tropical Adventures Antigua, dispatched a 75-foot motorboat to make the 90-minute passage between islands to ferry people off Barbuda before Jose’s potential arrival. Some residents remain stuck in isolated areas blocked by impassable roads, he said by telephone, as he loaded water and other supplies at a dock in Antigua.
“We really are in a rush against time,” Ryan said.
On St. Martin, there was little sense that authorities had the situation under control. Witnesses said supermarkets were being looted, with no police visible in the streets; France’s minister for overseas territories, Annick Girardin, even described “scenes of pillaging” on the island.
“It’s like someone with a lawn mower from the sky has gone over the island,” Marilou Rohan, a European vacationer on the Dutch side of St. Martin, which is split with France, told the NOS news service. “Houses are destroyed. Some are razed to the ground. I am lucky that I was in a sturdy house, but we had to bolster the door, the wind was so hard.”
Occasionally, soldiers have passed by, but they were doing little to impose order, Rohan said.
“People feel powerless. They do not know what to do. You see the fear in their eyes,” she said.
On Friday, Schaede picked his way through the rubble-filled side streets of Cole Bay, trying to absorb the scale of the destruction on St. Martin. Schaede, a longtime resident of the island and owner of a local realty firm, had difficulty putting into words the havoc before him.
“People are in shock,” Schaede said. “I’m in front of a house that was a house. The only thing you see is a kitchen wall.”
With electricity out and communications down, Schaede said the horror stories are just starting to filter through the community. “Houses have been totally wiped out, with people in it,” he said. “We don’t know the end of the disaster.”
He added: “It’s terrible. It will take a couple years to rebuild.”
President Trump owns an 11-bedroom beachfront estate on St. Martin, perched on the sands of Plum Bay. The status of the property, which is for sale for $16.9 million, is unknown. But Schaede said that he has heard that other homes in the neighborhood were severely damaged.
“I’m sure it was probably devastated,” he said of Trump’s property. “He is on the Atlantic side. That got hit pretty hard.”
Schaede rode out the storm inside a bathroom in a concrete building with his five children. All are safe. His building has a generator that gets turned on only at night, to ration gas.
“We were one of the fortunate ones,” he said. “As along as we are alive, we can rebuild. We were very lucky.”
A photo provided by the Dutch Defense Ministry shows storm damage in St. Martin in the aftermath of Hurricane Irma. Significant damage was reported on the island, which is split between French and Dutch control.
The United States and European countries scrambled to send aid to the battered Caribbean islands.
The Pentagon deployed three Navy ships, nearly two dozen aircraft and hundreds of Marines to help with recovery efforts in Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands, where they were needed to relocate hospital patients and others displaced by the storm, and haul in relief supplies.
One ship, the USS Wasp, was off St. Thomas on Thursday coordinating medical evacuations. Two others, the USS Kearsarge and the USS Oak Hill, were expected to be in position by Friday.
The military will provide generators, fuel and gas, water-purification systems and tools to clear roadways choked with storm debris, according to U.S. Northern Command. The Army Corps of Engineers sent teams to both U.S. territories to help restore electricity, and National Guard personnel were activated to help with evacuations and search-and-rescue efforts.
As of Thursday night, no other countries had asked for the U.S. military’s help, one official said, but Defense Department planners were preparing as though such requests may come.
“It’s safe to say things may progress,” John Cornelio, a spokesman for Northern Command, told The Post. “I don’t want to get ahead of ourselves, but one of the things DOD can provide is capacity.”
As night began to fall Thursday, the most powerful storm ever recorded in the Atlantic Ocean was punishing the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere — Haiti, a nation still recovering from a massive 2010 earthquake and Hurricane Matthew last October. That storm, bearing Category 4 force when it made landfall Oct. 4 along Haiti’s southwest coast, killed more than 500 people on the island and injured more than 400 others.
As Irma moved away from the vulnerable nation, assessments by aid organizations began in the flood-prone north. The storm passed further off the coast than some had predicted, and very preliminary indications suggested that the hit had perhaps not been as bad as feared.
Nevertheless, there were indications of severe damage in some communities. Houses in Malfeti, a municipality of several thousand near the northeastern city of Fort Liberty, were almost completely inundated, according to Fort Liberty Mayor Louis Jacques Etienne, who is also responsible for smaller nearby communities.
“It is completely underwater, until the roofs!” Etienne said by phone after surveying the damage himself.
Etienne, who dubbed Irma a “nuclear hurricane,” added that in Fort Liberty, a city of 37,000, houses had collapsed and roofs had been blown off homes.
“Crops are destroyed, cattle is dead, and my cities are broken. It is bad. Very, very bad,” he said.
Prime Minister Jack Guy Lafontant’s office issued a national notice advising citizens to return to work Friday, while saying the government “is implementing actions to help the population to adequately face this natural disaster.”
Haiti’s Civil Protection Agency reported early Friday that one person was missing and three were injured, including two in the northern town of Dondon when a tree collapsed on their house. A third person was injured in the northern city of Cap-Haïtien.
The agency reported “moderate flooding” in four northern provinces, and said a bridge linking Haiti to the Dominican Republic had collapsed in the border city of Ouanaminthe.
Gonaives, a low-lying northern city highly prone to devastating flooding, was a major concern in Haiti. But Mayor Neil Latortue said the damage had been “not too bad at all.” Some trees fell outside the city limits, and debris filled the streets. But he said no major damage had been reported.
“We are trying to get businesses back up and running today,” he said.
Elsewhere in the Caribbean, French officials said St. Martin is without electricity, fuel and drinking water. About 800 rescuers arrived Thursday and more were on the way.
French Interior Minister Gérard Collomb said that “even the strongest buildings are destroyed” on the French side of St. Martin, while French Prime Minister Édouard Philippe said that numerous people had been found dead there and dozens more were injured.
In addition, at least four people were reported killed in the U.S. Virgin Islands, according to authorities there who described “catastrophic” damage. There were also deaths reported on the British island of Anguilla and on the Dutch part of St. Martin.
Antigua and Barbuda are part of the same country and gained independence from Britain in the 1980s.
Joseph, the Red Cross official, said residents of Antigua weren’t immediately aware of the vast damage to Barbuda, since the storm disrupted communications. Only on Thursday did the scale of the catastrophe become clear.
“People are not very worried about what they’ll do now that there’s nothing left in Barbuda,” he said of Antiguians. “At this point, everyone is more focused on making it through hurricane Jose. We’ll worry about the rest after.”